The diversity of Vipera berus

By Lennart Aiscan & Niklas Banowski

Black Forest - from dry meadows to montan moors

Vipera berus Kreuzotter adder Schwarzwald Black Forest Germany Deutschland
Vipera berus male Schwarzwald

Pre Alps - flooded forests and moore moor

Vipera berus adder Kreuzotter Bayern Bavaria Germany Deutschland Chiemgau Italian clade marasso
Vipera berus male Bayern

Alps - stone piles and mountain pastures

Vipera berus alps Switzerland Alpen Schweiz Adder Kreuzotter northern clade
Vipera berus alps Switzerland

Northern lowland - humid forests and heaths

vipera berus adder lüsekamp kreuzotter germany NRW Nordrhein-Westfalen
Vipera berus Nordrhein-Westfalen Germany

50 shades of melanism

Vipera berus adder kreuzotter bayern bavaria isar
Vipera berus female Bayern

Behaviour

Anthropogenic