Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans

Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infection on Salamandra salamandra Ruhrgebiet 2019 Bsal chytrid infection crysis amphibian
Batrachochytrium salamandrivorans infection on Salamandra salamandra Ruhrgebiet 2019

What is Bsal?

It is a chytrid fungus from Asia, which came to Europe through animal trade. It causes skin lesions in the European salamanders and newts. In Salamandra salamandra and Triturus cristatus the die-off is extreme and kills whole populations.

Where?

The distribution in Europe is southern Netherlands, Belgium and the Eifel and Ruhr area in Germany - there are also cases from Spain in T.marmoratus.

What can we do?

- disinfect your shoes and gear (with Virkon S 10g for 1l water or 70% ethanol) before and after visiting woodlands

- report dead or sick salamanders

Can we heal the salamanders?

Due temperature cure with high temperatures (25C°) for 14 days the salamanders can be healed, but the disease stays in the ecosystem.

More information here:

http://bsaleurope.com/

https://www.bfn.de/themen/artenschutz/gefaehrdung-bewertung-management/gefaehrdungsursachen/spezifische-gefaehrdungsursachen/bsal.html

https://www.lanuv.nrw.de/fileadmin/lanuv/natur/arten/pdf/Faltblatt_bsaleurope.com.pdf

https://www.bswr.de/downloads/flyer_bsal.pdf